Expert Mode

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Desktop/Console/Mobile-Only Content: This information applies only to the Desktop, Console, and Mobile versions of Terraria.
Expert mode icon.png
Expert and Master Mode-Only Content: This information applies only to Expert Mode, Master Mode, and worlds with these modes.
Not to be confused with Hardmode, which is triggered by defeating the Wall of Flesh, or Master Mode, which is another difficulty option for world generation.
"Fortune & Glory, Kid."
Selection of Expert Mode on Mobile version Mobile, showing a Corrupt Bunny instead of a regular Bunny to illustrate the increased difficulty.

Expert Mode is an option that can be selected during world creation. It greatly increases the difficulty of the game, as well as the quantity and quality of drops and the chances to obtain rare items. Furthermore, it offers certain exclusive content. Expert Mode begins the moment the Expert Mode world is created, and cannot be altered after that by the player. In Journey Mode, Expert Mode can be toggled using the difficulty slider.

All Expert Mode changes also apply to Master Mode, including increased drop chances, modified AIs, etc. All Expert-exclusive content is available in Master Mode.


  • Player's normal respawn time is increased to 15 seconds, while respawn time during boss fights is increased to 30 seconds.
  • Slime Rain can occur without its usual criteria, spawn rates are 15% higher, and Green/Purple Slimes have a higher spawn chance.
  • The Traveling Merchant has a 50% chance to sell an additional item.
  • Classic (Softcore) players drop 75% of their coins upon death instead of 50%.


Generic changes

  • Most enemies have twice as much health, do about twice as much damage, and receive 10% less knockback.
    • Weaker enemies (e.g. pre-Hardmode enemies), excluding bosses and their minions, may get an additional multiplier to the above stats upon entering Hardmode and another after Plantera has been defeated.
    • Specific enemies (such as bosses) have additional multipliers to their stats.
  • Enemies and bosses have new AIs with higher difficulty attack patterns.
  • Enemies can spawn near NPCs, although they still will not spawn in front of placed background walls.
  • Enemies drop more loot, including higher chances (usually 50% or 100% extra chance) to drop certain items.
  • Some enemies inflict additional debuffs, or have an increased chance to inflict a debuff that they already inflict.
  • Killing Pumpkin/Frost Moon enemies progresses the event twice as fast as they do in Classic Mode.

Coin pickup

In Expert Mode, most enemies can pick up dropped coins. Enemies holding dropped coins emit a sound () upon picking up coins and a sparkle effect based on the color of the best coin they are holding.

When the hitbox of an enemy intersects with the hitbox of a stack of dropped coins, the enemy will try to pick up some coins from the stack. An enemy can only pick up coins if the following conditions are fulfilled:[1]

  • The total value of the coins the enemy is already holding is less than the total value of the stack of coins.
  • The sum of the value of the coins the enemy is already holding and the value of the stack of coins is less than 999000000, or 999 PC.

The amount of coins picked up by the enemy is then calculated by multiplying the stack amount and a factor, rounded down, with a minimal amount of 1 coin and a maximum amount of the full stack. The factor is a random value in [0.5, 0.75] (with an increment of 0.01), and will be increased with the following conditions:

  • If the coin type is a Copper Coin: a random value in [0, 0.5] (with an increment of 0.01) is added to the factor.
  • If the coin type is a Silver Coin: a random value in [0, 0.25] (with an increment of 0.01) is added to the factor.

For example, if a stack of 25 SC is dropped, an enemy holding 30 SC will not pick up coins from it. An enemy not holding any coins can take [math]\displaystyle{ [ 25×(0.5+0), 25×(0.75+0.25) ] }[/math] , resulting 12–25 SC after rounding.

Invulnerable enemies will never pick up coins. See below for a list of other enemies that never pick up coins.[2]

  • Several enemies saved on the minimap.

    There is also a "revenge" mechanic, which saves the info about an enemy that holds coins and respawns it when the player gets near the location. The enemy's health percentage, location, and amount of coin they are holding when they despawn are saved. The location will be displayed on the minimap by coin icons, and hovering the cursor over the icon displays the amount of coins.

    When a saved location enters a 163×115-tile rectangular area centered on a player's center, the saved enemy is respawned.[3] However, there are several special circumstances in which an enemy can or cannot respawn.[4] If the player approaches the saved location while the enemy cannot respawn, the saved enemy is removed and the coins are lost forever.

  • An enemy must fulfill all the following conditions to be saved.[5]

    • The enemy picked up more than 10 SC.[6]
    • The enemy is more than 41 tiles away from the top and left world border, and more than 42 tiles away from the bottom and right world border.
      • These borders refer to the real-world border that cannot be seen in-game, so as long as the enemy is within the visible world border, it can be saved.
    • The enemy is not a boss.
    • The enemy's "rarity" is not higher than 0.[7] This makes the following enemies inapplicable.
  • Enemy saves do not exist permanently, as they will "expire" and be removed after a certain amount of time, determined by the amount of coins picked up by the enemy.[8]

    Note that coin values are converted to raw Copper values (v in the following table) in the calculation (e.g. 1 PC2 GC3 SC4 CC is converted to 1020304).

    Raw value
    Expiration time
    v<10000 [math]\displaystyle{ 54000+72000\times\frac{\text{Raw value}-{100}}{10000-100} }[/math]
    10000≤v<1000000 [math]\displaystyle{ 126000+108000\times\frac{\text{Raw value}-{100}}{10000-100} }[/math]
    v≥1000000 450000

    New enemy attacks


    • Bosses in Expert Mode have increased health. Their health is boosted even further in multiplayer, with more health added for each player.
      • Each boss has their own boost factor, which is a decimal number greater than 1. For example, Skeletron has a boost factor of 2.0 and Plantera has a boost factor of 1.4.
      • In single player, Expert boss health follows this formula: Expert Mode Health = Classic Mode Health × Boost Factor
      • In multiplayer, Expert bosses multiply their health further based on the number of players: ExpertModeHealth = ClassicModeHealth × BoostFactor × MultiplayerFactor
        • The multiplayer factor is increased incrementally for each player: MultiplayerFactor = 1 + HealthAdded[2] + HealthAdded[3] + ...
        • The base amount of health added per player is 35%. That is, HealthAdded[2] = 0.35.
        • Each consecutive player adds more health than the last: HealthAdded[n+1] = HealthAdded[n] + (1 - HealthAdded[n]) ÷ 3
        • If there are ten or more players, the multiplayer factor is modified using this formula: MultiplayerFactor = (MultiplayerFactor × 2 + 8) ÷ 3
        • The multiplayer factor cannot exceed 1,000. This limit is never reached in practice because it requires 1,498 players, and Terraria servers cannot have more than 255 players.
        • The multiplayer factor can mathematically also be summarized as [math]\displaystyle{ f(x) = n - \frac{39}{20} + \frac{39}{20} \left(\frac 2 3\right)^{n - 1}, \textit{MultiplayerFactor} = \min\left\{f(x), \frac{f(x) \cdot 2 + 8} 3, 1000\right\} }[/math]
      • Boss health is determined at the time the boss is spawned. If a player joins the server after the boss has spawned, the boss's health will not update to account for the additional player.
    • Most bosses gain a new attack or movement pattern which makes them more difficult. For example, Duke Fishron gains a third stage.
    • When defeated, each boss (except for the Lunatic Cultist, Dark Mage, and Ogre) drops an Expert-exclusive Treasure Bag unique to that boss. Each Treasure Bag contains a greater quantity of the boss's usual drops from Classic Mode, along with unique Expert Mode-exclusive items. These items can all be used in non-Expert Mode worlds, with the exception of the Demon Heart. Hardmode bosses' Treasure Bags have an additional 5% chance to contain one random set of developer items (with the exception of Queen Slime). Treasure Bags can be opened in any difficulty.
      • In multiplayer, all players that dealt damage to the boss will receive a Treasure Bag.



    Expert-exclusive items

    Expert Mode-exclusive items are found inside Treasure Bags dropped by bosses and generally have the Rarity level: Rainbow rarity. While these items can only be obtained via an Expert Mode world, they still function in Classic worlds, excluding the Demon Heart.

    Boss Items Usage
    King Slime Royal GelRoyal Gel Most slimes become friendly and deal no damage to the player.
    Eye of Cthulhu Shield of CthulhuShield of Cthulhu Double tap the ◀ Left or ▶ Right keys to perform a dash attack, which deals 30 damage and grants momentary invincibility upon hitting enemies.
    Eater of Worlds Worm ScarfWorm Scarf Reduces all damage taken by 17%.
    Brain of Cthulhu Brain of ConfusionBrain of Confusion Grants a chance to confuse nearby enemies after being struck.

    Grants a 1/6 (16.67%) chance to dodge incoming damage, which increases critical strike chance and summon damage by 10% for 4 seconds if successful.

    Queen Bee Hive PackHive Pack Increases the strength of friendly bees by granting a 1/2 (50%) chance to replace them with larger, more damaging ones.
    Skeletron Bone GloveBone Glove Throws ricocheting crossbones when the player attacks, dealing 25 damage each.
    Deerclops Bone HelmBone Helm Summons homing Shadow Hand projectiles to damage nearby enemies, dealing 18 damage each.
    Wall of Flesh Demon HeartDemon Heart Permanently increases the number of accessory slots by one.

    Can only be used once. Only usable and takes effect in Expert and Master Mode.

    Queen Slime Volatile GelatinVolatile Gelatin Fires bouncing Volatile Gelatin balls at nearby enemies, dealing 65 damage each.
    The Twins Mechanical Wheel PieceMechanical Wheel Piece Used to craft the Minecart Upgrade Kit.
    The Destroyer Mechanical Wagon PieceMechanical Wagon Piece Used to craft the Minecart Upgrade Kit.
    Skeletron Prime Mechanical Battery PieceMechanical Battery Piece Used to craft the Minecart Upgrade Kit.
    Plantera Spore SacSpore Sac Summons spores that hover around the player and travel toward nearby enemies before exploding, dealing 400 damage per second and inflicting the Poisoned debuff for 5–10 seconds.
    Empress of Light Soaring InsigniaSoaring Insignia Grants infinite flight time while increasing flight speed, movement speed, acceleration, and jump mobility.
    Golem Shiny StoneShiny Stone Greatly increases health regeneration at an exponential rate from 10 to 40 health per second when not moving.
    Duke Fishron Shrimpy TruffleShrimpy Truffle Summons a mount with infinite flight time and gains a significant movement speed bonus when submerged in liquid, during rain, or when the rider is below half health.
    Mourning Wood Witch's BroomWitch's Broom Summons a mount with infinite flight time and hovering.
    Moon Lord Gravity GlobeGravity Globe Allows the holder to reverse gravity, which can be toggled in midair.
    Suspicious Looking TentacleSuspicious Looking Tentacle Summons a light pet that detects nearby enemies, treasure, and ores.
    Celestial StarboardCelestial Starboard A wing that allows hovering and quick upward ascension. Highest mobility among wings.



    • Desktop
      • Fixed hittable enemy projectiles not scaling in Expert Mode.
      • Fixed air items being left over when monsters pick up coins in Expert Mode.
    • Desktop Introduced. Bosses now drop special Expert Mode-only items.


    1. Information taken from the Desktop version Desktop source code, method GetPickedUpByMonsters_Money() in Terraria.Item.cs.
    2. Information taken from the Desktop version Desktop source code, field Sets.CantTakeLunchMoney in Terraria.ID.NPCID.cs.
    3. Information taken from the Desktop version Desktop source code, method CheckRespawns() in Terraria.GameContent.CoinLossRevengeSystem.cs and field _playerBoxSizeOuter in Terraria.GameContent.CoinLossRevengeSystem.cs.
    4. Information taken from the Desktop version Desktop source code, methods CheckRespawns() in Terraria.GameContent.CoinLossRevengeSystem.cs and WouldNPCBeDiscouraged() in Terraria.GameContent.CoinLossRevengeSystem.RevengeMarker.cs.
    5. Information taken from the Desktop version Desktop source code, method CacheEnemy() in Terraria.GameContent.CoinLossRevengeSystem.cs.
    6. Information taken from the Desktop version Desktop source code, field MinimumCoinsForCaching in Terraria.GameContent.CoinLossRevengeSystem.cs.
    7. Note that this rarity stat is the one used by the Lifeform Analyzer, not the rarity stat in the Bestiary.
    8. Information taken from the Desktop version Desktop source code, method CalculateExpirationTime() in Terraria.GameContent.CoinLossRevengeSystem.RevengeMarker.cs.
    9. A tick is a time unit countable by the software. Most of Terraria's updating logic happens every tick. A tick has the length of 1/60th of a second, hence there are 60 ticks in a second and 3600 ticks in a minute.
    10. The increased defense is still less effective than Classic Mode, because enemy damage is multiplied by about 2 while damage reduction is only multiplied by 1.5. As a result, the player will take more than twice as much damage from enemies given the same amount of defense. For example, assuming the player is wearing full melee Adamantite armor (50 defense) with no other defense bonuses and gets hit by a Giant Bat (45 damage in Classic Mode). In Classic Mode, they get 25 damage reduction from 45 damage and take 20 damage. In Expert Mode, they get 38 damage reduction from 90 damage and take 52 damage.